Vietnam is a country of cultural diversity. There are a total of 54 ethnic groups in the country. However, as the Kinh people occupy for the majority of the population, visitors rarely get the chance to get to know about other ethnic groups.
In big cities, you can mostly catch up with the Kinh people. But in the other provinces like Cao Bang, you may meet ethnic people.
Are you a curious traveler? Are you looking into the cultural diversity of Vietnam? Are you traveling with your loved ones?
Then book your North Vietnam group tour to Cao Bang!
Cao Bang is one of the must-visit destinations in Northern Vietnam. The natural beauty of this province is beyond the normal words. It is also home to many historical sites.
But what is most attractive to visitors is in cultural diversity.
Cao Bang owns its rich traditional culture to its many ethnic groups. Unlike other places, where mainly there are only Kinh people and rarely any other people of different ethnics, Cao Bang itself is home to the people of 24 different ethnic groups.
You will meet with a lot of Tay people here as the Tay ethnic occupies about 40% of Cao Bang’s population. There are also a lot of Nung people (about 30% of the population).
Other main groups are Dao, San Chi, Mong, Kinh, and Hoa. Though different they might be, they all live in harmony and enjoy their traditional heritage and culture.
There is usually a notable difference between the Southern and Northern Vietnam Culture. But not many people realize that there is also a vast difference between each ethnic’s culture.
Here is some brief information about the Tay, Nung and Dao ethnics’ tradition and culture.
The Tay ethnic’s culture:
The Tay must be the group whose culture is the most vivid to visitors. And do not be surprised if you catch sight of writings you cannot understand! The reason is they have their own language system named the Tay-Nung language system. The men’s traditional costume includes an indigo-blue Ao dai, white trousers with a turban. The women cover their hair with a square scarf. They also wear indigo-blue Ao dai but with buttons on the right. They also tie a same-colored string around their waist. And if you are curious, the fabric they use is handmade – woven and dyed by them.
Tay women in their traditional clothes
They also have cultural activities. The most popular one is Then singing. There are also Luon singing and Chau dancing.
The Nung ethnic’s culture:
Nung group is a bit different since they have separate branches. The branches are divided based on their differences in clothes and languages. There are Nung Inh, Nung An, and Nung Loi – just to name a few. Despite their branches, they still share some similar features. Nung female clothes typically have big sleeves. They also wear colorfully decorated wristbands.
Nung ethnic’s traditional costumes
Da Hai singing, fan dancing, scarf dancing and two-string violin are largely enjoyed within the group.
The Dao ethnic’s culture:
Much like the Nung, the Dao ethnic also has their own branches. In Cao Bang, the typical Dao branch in Cao Bang is Dao Do. Compared to the men, Dao Do women have more intricate clothing.
A Dao Do woman
The costumes of the women often include dresses, camisoles, trousers and head scarfs. Their clothes are usually meticulously embroidered by hand. The men’s costumes are simpler: only trousers and shirts. Their trousers have big legs and are decorated with colorful squares. Their shirts usually have five buttons on the chest.
In the past, both the men and women of the Dao Ethnic have long hair. Now, only the women do. Men usually cut their hair short.
The Dao Ethnic loves their jewelry: they have necklaces, bracelets, and anklets. These items are not merely accessories to the Dao People. They also carry cultural values and express their beliefs. You can ask the local to try wearing their provincial clothes on your North Vietnam group tour.
The fascinating Cap sac ritual
Pao Dung Singing and Cap Sac Ritual (maturity ritual) are considered to be their most exquisite cultural heritage.
So do not hesitate to book your Northern Vietnam cultural tour and explore the exquisite beauty of these ethnics!